Innspill til NNR 2022 Consultation Response – Food consumption and environmental sustainability considerations in the Nordic and Baltic region

Kapittel om bærekraftig kosthold i NNR 2022 er nå på høring til publikum, frist er 16. januar. Vi sender innspill til NNR2022 Consultation Response – Food consumption and environmental sustainability considerations in the Nordic and Baltic region. Leder og professor Rune Blomhoff hadde en forklaring på Helsedirektoratets dialogmøte 12.januar.

PAN Norway have sent input to the NNR2022 Consultation Response – Food consumption and environmental sustainability considerations in the Nordic and Baltic region https://www.helsedirektoratet.no/

NNR 2022 Consultation Response – Food consumption and environmental sustainability considerations in the Nordic and Baltic region

Organisation: Physicians Association for Nutrition Norway – PAN Norge

Email address: tanja@pan-norway.no

GENERAL COMMENTS

Communication about nutrients and animal products is important

The majority of people believe that animal products are natural and necessary to get enough nutrients. People do not know how much protein they need. Communication as «10 – 20 percent of daily energy intake» is not optimal. Despite of people in the West consume almost twice as much protein as necessary, many are concerned about they get enough. This will damage health and sustainable health choices.

Chapter could therefore consider to look at communication as an important solution to change eating habits and knowledge about Communication about following is important:
• nordic citizens gets much more protein than human body requires,
• not all «lost» protein from animal foods must be replaced (with the same amount of plant protein) from the health and nutrition point of view.
• Neither essencial amino-acids must be replaced.
• Just with milk, cheese and meat people get twice as much as necessary.

Generic promotion of dairy and meat is an important obstacle

Generic promotion/advertising of meat and dairy products should be problematized to change of dietary habits (for example Matprat and melk.no in Norway, they use respectively about 79 an 30 millions Norwegian krones for generic promotion). Their business is an important factor that contributes to increased consumption of these products. It has been documented that generic advertising works and increases consumption
Source: The National Economic Contribution of Agricultural Advertising And Promotion, Report to CRMC Group, LLC (FABA), April 2017 https://test-portal.nifa.usda.gov/web/crisprojectpages/1013889-world-commodity-supply-chains-and-agricultural-commodity-marketing-and-promotion.html

se page 68 – 71. Norwegian report for Norwegian Environment Agency from NIBIO. Oppdragsrapport. Overgang fra rødt kjøtt til vegetabilsk og fisk: Klimakur 2030, utgitt:01.03.2020 av NIBIO https://www.miljodirektoratet.no/publikasjoner/2020/mars-2020/overgang-fra-rodt-kjott-til-vegetabilsk-og-fisk/ pdf here https://www.miljodirektoratet.no/globalassets/publikasjoner/m1497/m1497.pdf

NNR 2022 Rune blomhoff om kjøtt og bærekraft
Rune Blomhoff NNR 2022 skjermdump-kjøtt 12.januar 2023

SPESIFIC COMMENTS

To food groups 8 and 9 (meat and dairy)

Meat

After the lines 2066 – 2070 I suggest folowing text after these lines:
«Nevertheless, existing data and rough estimates of protein intake and intake of essential amino acids show that the intake of dairy products can at least be halved compared to the current intake. It is no need, seen from the health and nutrition perspective, to replace all the reduced/»lost» amount of protein with plant sources. There are no any health benefits to maintain the current protein intake at the same level as today.»

Dairy

After the lines 2225 – 2228 I recommend to edd the following text:
«Nevertheless, existing data and rough estimates of protein intake and intake of essential amino acids show that the intake of dairy products can at least be halved compared to the current intake. It is no need to replace all the reduced/»lost» amount of protein with plant sources.»

Explanation about meat and dairy:

It is clear difference between protein requirements from HEALTH point of view and todays ACTUAL INTAKE. Seen from the health and nutrition perspective, northern or baltic citizens do not need to maintain their current protein and amino-acids intake intake at the same, todays, level.
The need for protein is no more than 0.8 grams of protein per kilogram of normal body weight. A man 70 kilo needs appr 56 grams of protein per day. A woman 60 kilo needs 48 grams per day.
Norwegians on average eat 96 – 100 grams of protein per day (Norkost 3, Matprat https://www.matprat.no/artikler/ernaring/proteiner/ and https://www.helsedirektoratet.no/rapporter/utviklingen-i-norsk-kosthold).
The lysine requirement is about 30 – 38 milligrams of lysine per kilogram of body weight per day. Thus, an adult man of 70 kilos needs approx. 2.6 grams of lysine per day ( https://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/43411/WHO_TRS_935_eng.pdf
Norwegians consume more than twice as much lysine as the human body needs. Only with cheese, milk and meat, without counting other food. https://www.helsedirektoratet.no/rapporter/utviklingen-i-norsk-kosthold/
Meat and dairy are not the solution for micro-nutrients intake – neither «natural» or reliable source of micro-nutrients.
Calcium, vitamin B12 and D, and iodine, and many other miconutrients are added artificially to animal food-concentrate (see Råvareforbruk here https://www.landbruksdirektoratet.no/nb/statistikk-og-utviklingstrekk/utvikling-i-jordbruket/kraftforstatistikk ).
In Northern countries, deficiancy/ subotimal intake of vitamin D and B12, and of iodine are common (not among vegans). Despite too high intake of animal products.
https://www.helsedirektoratet.no/rapporter/vitamin-d-i-norge-behov-for-tiltak-for-a-sikre-god-vitamin-d-status/
https://apps.who.int/iris/handle/10665/136908
http://www.ernaeringsradet.no/wp-content/uploads/2016/06/IS-0591_RisikoForJodmangeliNorge.pdf
https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/VitaminB12-HealthProfessional/#h5

New pandemy and antibiotika-resistance

Industrial farming and demands for more animal protein are important contributors to the development of new zoonoses and pandemics, as well as antibiotic resistance.
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10640-020-00484-3-
https://www.unep.org/news-and-stories/press-release/unite-human-animal-and-environmental-health-prevent-next-pandemic-un

Plant milks, especially oat, fortified with iodine, vitamin D and B12, and calcium, and plant meats are both healthier and more land-areal-effective and better for climate then meats and dairy.
https://www.pnas.org/doi/10.1073/pnas.2120584119
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fufo.2022.100174
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2021.126447
Reports from Norway
https://www.mattilsynet.no/mat_og_vann/produksjon_av_mat/frukt_bar_gronnsaker_og_korn/analyser_av_naeringsstoffer_og_uonskede_stoffer_i_plantebaserte_middagsprodukter_og_drikker_2021.45515