Vi har sendt flere innspill til flere kapitler i NNR 2022 – Nordiske ernæringsanbefalinger 2022, som etter planen kommer sommer 2023. NNR 2022 er et forarbeid, eller vitenskapelig grunnlag, til fellesnordiske kostholdsråd.
Nå er arbeidet med kostrådene nesten ferdig, og arbeidsgruppen i Nordisk ministerråd har sendt utkastet på høring. Lenke er her Les også: Helsedirektoratets nye kostråd 2023 anbefaler å halvere kjøttforbruk. Dette vil gi bedre matberedskap i Norge
Lege- og ernæringsforeningen Mat for helsen har sent følgende innspill til NNR 2022.
- Innspill til NNR-kapittelet om protein
- Utkast innspill til NNR-kapittelet om jern
- Innspill om til NNR-kapittelet om fisk – erstatning av fiskeoljer med algeoljer
- NNR-kapittelet om Legumes
- Innspill til NNR-kapittelet om fett: algeoljer som erstatning for fiskeoljer og fett fra fisk
- Innspill til kapittel Healthy dietary patterns i NNR 2022
- Innspill til NNR-2022 kapittel om vitamin B12
I Norge hadde Helsedirektoratet et informasjonsmøte angående kapittelet Food consumption and environmental sustainability considerations in the Nordic and Baltic region. Dette kapittelet er eneste (i tillegg til et til) som omtaler bærekraft. Alle de andre kapitlene ser kun på sammenheng mellom kosthold/ernæring og helse.
Norsk kjøttindustri har fremmet flere protester mot dette kapittelet, i og med kapittelet er kritisk til husdyrhold. Leder og professor Rune Blomhoff hadde en forklaring på Helsedirektoratets dialogmøte 12.januar.
Food consumption and environmental sustainability considerations in the Nordic and Baltic region
The chapter Food consumption and environmental sustainability considerations in the Nordic and Baltic region has been debated in Norwegian media a lot. Here is our respons to this chapter https://www.helsedirektoratet.no/
Communication about nutrients and animal products is important
The majority of people believe that animal products are natural and necessary to get enough nutrients. People do not know how much protein they need. Communication such as “10 – 20 percent of daily energy intake” is not optimal. Despite the fact that people in the West consume almost twice as much protein as needed, many are concerned that they ayre getting enough. This will harm health and sustainable health choices.
Chapter could therefore consider looking at communication as an important solution for changing eating habits and knowledge about. Communication about the following is important:
-nordic citizens get much more protein than human body needs,
-not all «lost» protein from animal foods must be replaced (with the same amount of plant protein) from a health and nutritional point of view.
• None of the essencial amino-acids must be replaced.
• Just with milk, cheese and meat, people get twice as much as they need.
Generic marketing of dairy and meat is an important obstacle
Generic promotion/advertising for meat and dairy products should be problematized to change dietary habits (for example, Matprat and melk.no in Norway, they spend approx. NOK 79 an NOK 30 million respectively on generic promotion). Their business is an important factor that contributes to increased consumption of these products. It has been documented that generic advertising works and increases consumption.
Source: The National Economic Contribution of Agricultural Advertising And Promotion, Report to CRMC Group, LLC (FABA), April 2017 https://test-portal.nifa.usda.gov/web/crisprojectpages/1013889-world-commodity-supply-chains-and-agricultural-commodity-marketing-and-promotion.html
se page 68 – 71. Norwegian report for Norwegian Environment Agency from NIBIO. Oppdragsrapport. Overgang fra rødt kjøtt til vegetabilsk og fisk: Klimakur 2030, utgitt:01.03.2020 av NIBIO https://www.miljodirektoratet.no/publikasjoner/2020/mars-2020/overgang-fra-rodt-kjott-til-vegetabilsk-og-fisk/ pdf here https://www.miljodirektoratet.no/globalassets/publikasjoner/m1497/m1497.pdf
To food groups 8 and 9 (meat and dairy)
After the lines 2066 – 2070 I suggest folowing text:
“However, existing data and rough estimates of protein intake and essential amino acid intake show that the intake of dairy products can at least be halved compared to current intake. It is not necessary, from a health and nutritional perspective, to replace all the reduced/”lost ” amount of protein with plant sources. There are no health benefits to maintaining current protein intake at the same level as today.”
After lines 2225 – 2228, I recommend writing the following:
“Nevertheless, existing data and rough estimates of protein intake and essential amino acid intake show that the intake of dairy products can be at least halved compared to current intake. It is not necessary to replace all the reduced/”lost” amount of protein with plant sources.”
Explanation about meat and dairy:
There is a clear difference between protein needs from a HEALTH point of view and today’s ACTUAL INTAKE. From a health and nutrition perspective, northern or Baltic citizens do not need to maintain their current protein and amino acid intake at the same level as today.
The need for protein is no more than 0.8 grams of protein per kilogram of normal body weight. A man of 70 kilograms needs about 56 grams of protein per day. A woman weighing 60 kilograms needs 48 grams per day.
Norwegians eat an average of 96 – 100 grams of protein per day (Norkost 3, Matprat https://www.matprat.no/artikler/ernaring/proteiner/ and https://www.helsedirektoratet.no/rapporter/utviklingen-i – Norwegian diet).
The lysine requirement is approximately 30 – 38 milligrams of lysine per kilogram of body weight per day. Thus, an adult man of 70 kilos needs approx. 2.6 grams of lysine per day (https://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/43411/WHO_TRS_935_eng.pdf).
Norwegians consume more than twice as much lysine as the human body needs. Only with cheese, milk and meat, not including other food. helsedirektoratet.no/rapporter/utviklingen-i-norsk-kosthold/
Meat and dairy are not the solution for micronutrient intake – neither “natural” nor reliable source of micronutrients.
Calcium, vitamins B12 and D, and iodine and many other micronutrients are added artificially to animal feed concentrates (see Raw material consumption here: landbruksdirektoratet.no/nb/statistikk-og-utviklingsstrekk/utvikling-i-jordbruket/ kraftforstatistikk).
In northern countries, deficiency/suboptimal intake of vitamin D and B12 and iodine is common (not among vegans). Despite excessive consumption of animal products.
New pandemy and antibiotika-resistance
Industrial farming and demands for more animal protein are important contributors to the development of new zoonoses and pandemics, as well as antibiotic resistance.
As replacement, plant based meat and plant milks should be recommended
Plant milks, especially oat, fortified with iodine, vitamin D and B12, and calcium, and plant meats are both healthier and more land-areal-effective and better for climate then meats and dairy.
Reports from Norway